A numbers doctor writes…and, politely, gets it wrong on car tax being a “fee to use roads”

Roger Harrabin of the BBC wrote an excellent piece on the non-existence of ‘road tax’ (it was also a news segment on Radio 4′s Today programme). Naturally, this was a lightning rod for those who feel the BBC is biased and green: “The BBC hates motorists and loves cyclists,” wrote David Vance of the BiasedBBC blog, with not a shred of either irony or proof. The piece also resulted in a fair bit of email via this website. Some of the emails were supportive, others less so. The critical emails were literate and polite and obviously written by intelligent people. Intelligent people who couldn’t get their heads round the fact cars and bicycles have to share the road and that payment of car tax is a payment for the amount of carbon dioxide any particular car spews out. Those that spew under a set amount of CO2 do not pay car tax. Some of the critics seemed to suggest that as cyclists don’t pay for roads, they shouldn’t be allowed on them, which pretty much proves what the BBC article, and this website, argues: that some motorists don’t know who and what pays for roads and that the “roads are owned by motorists” mindset is a dangerous one for those road users without motors, but most specifically cyclists.

Some of the comments also had a very loose grasp of history, claiming that roads were built for the use of motorists. Rather pleasingly this allowed me to reply with one of my other websites, Roadswerenotbuiltforcars.com. I got a few spluttering replies after this but, mostly, the critics went on their merry way. Then today I played email tennis with yet another intelligent interlocutor, a doctor in fact. Not a medical one. No, a doctor who ought to be good at numbers as he’s research fellow at a School of Mathematics at a Midlands university (I’ll spare his blushes by not naming him). He’s right to try and poke holes in this site’s logic but, of course, he’s not the first to use the SORN argument. In fact, this is one the main “trump cards” played by those who say ‘car tax’ is a fee to use British roads.

Here’s the letter.

I should point out before anything that the examples on your site of motorists’ anger towards cyclists are obviously ridiculous and unacceptable. As a motorist, cyclist and pedestrian, in each position I see the stupidity of a substantial minority of all three groups, but cyclists are in more trouble because of their precarious positions, not being shielded in metal cages, and being next to those that are in metal cages.

However, I disagree with the start of your website: “Road tax doesn’t exist. It’s car tax, a tax on cars and other vehicles, not a tax on roads or a fee to use them.”

Road tax does not, officially exist, this is true. It is not, however, a tax on cars and other vehicles. I am acutely aware of this, having just received my VED renewal notice, where the Statutory Off-Road Notification option is prominent. VED is not a tax on owning a car: it
is a tax on using the car on public roads, with a SORN exemption if the vehicle is unused or to be driven on private land only. This clear evidence means that VED is not a tax on the car itself, but is a fee to use a car on public roads.

I don’t want to let this detract from your efforts to raise awareness of the attitudes that some motorists take towards cyclists, but VED is a fee to use the roads, and is stated as such by the government. The only reason I am pointing this out is that, for an argument to be made convincingly, no holes in the logic must be present for the other side to pick at, even if in this case the opponents might not have the ability to see them.

My boilerplate reply is contained on a number of postings on this website, including the posting about the millions of people, including the queen, who can drive on Britain’s roads without paying VED, and here’s the reply.

Those who believe VED is fee to use roads sometimes use the seemingly-convincing ‘off-road’ argument:

“Doesn’t matter what you call it, VED/car tax/’road tax’, it’s a fee to use the public road because if you don’t pay it, you can’t drive on the public road. For instance, if I elect to use a vehicle off-road, I don’t need to pay VED. If I then choose to use the vehicle on a road, I would have to pay VED. If the vehicle emitted a certain amount of CO2, then yes that VED is currently free, but I would still have to get and display a tax disc in order to use the car on the road.”

But car tax isn’t a fee to use the road, it’s very much a tax on car emissions. Many cars, which use the public road, do not pay any ‘car tax’ because they emit less than 100gms of CO2. If car tax was a fee to use roads, electric cars and low-emissions cars wouldn’t be able to drive on UK roads.

Nor is it true that vehicles that will be driven off-the-public-highway – on private roads – don’t have to pay Vehicle Excise Duty.

VED is charged under section 1 of the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994, as amended, “in respect of every mechanically propelled vehicle that … is used, or kept, on any public road in the United Kingdom”. For England, Wales and Northern Ireland ‘public road’ is defined in section 62(1) of the 1994 Act as “a road which is repairable at the public expense”; for Scotland a public road is defined in section 151 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984, as amended, as “a road which a roads authority have a duty to maintain”. However, the DVLA has powers to clamp vehicles that are not on the public road if they are in breach of the VED continuous registration requirements. The explanatory notes to the Vehicle Excise Duty (Immobilisation, Removal and Disposal of Vehicles) (Amendment) Regulations 2008 (SI 2008/2266) state:

The policy intention is to prevent evaders of vehicle excise duty from using off-road areas such as unadopted roads, commons, public car parks or roads maintained by Housing Associations to place themselves beyond the reach of the enforcement authorities.

Farmers can get ‘agricultural use’ exemptions from VED for their Land Rovers, so long as they only travel a mile or so on public highways. And in one special circumstance, cars which emit loads of CO2 can still drive on UK public roads without paying car tax. But only for a short distance. When a SORN (Statutory Off Road Notification) vehicle is going to a pre-arranged MOT test, and the vehicle has valid insurance for the journey, it can be driven on public roads without paying a penny for use of those roads.

Furthermore, if a car is registered in the UK but is never driven in the UK it still has to pay the UK’s Vehicle Excise Duty. So, a UK-bought car driven in France by a UK-born person who’s moved to France permanently, may never drive on UK roads but the car still has to pay VED. This is because it’s a tax on the car, not a fee to use the roads.

  • Marcia Malia

    I always reason that VED is actually a licence to poison other road users. You don’t need to pay VED to drive a vehicle on the road – only to emit noxious fumes from it.

  • ScaredAmoeba

    David Preiser (USA) responded to one of my comments on the loony ‘Off Road’ thread. Unfortunately, between his reply and my discovery of it, replies had been closed.

    Aside from accusing me of dishonesty, in an attempt to evade and discredit my multiple demolition of his general claim: “….And no actual proof whatsoever of the causality between belief in the existence of a road tax and deliberately endangering cyclists….”. I deliberately omitted any reference to Harrabin, because as a cyclist, I care not a jot what journalists claim, it is the practical reality and the safety of vulnerable road users that is important.

    I provide three types of proof:
    “Well yes there is. If one wants personal proof, ride a bicycle and sooner or later some irate driver will attempt to educate one otherwise.

    But there’s more! A search for ‘#bloody cyclists’ will find the results of exactly such an irrational belief in mythical road-tax.

    Even more!
    Driven to Kill: Vehicles as Weapons – J Peter. Rothe
    University of Alberta associate professor of Public Health researched just this topic for his book Driven to Kill: Vehicles As Weapons. He writes about intentional violence of all types aided by automobile. A central theme of this book, according to Dr Rothe, is that “police investigations are not engaged on the assumption that a driver deliberately uses his vehicle as a weapon for maiming or killing a pedestrian, cyclist, or other roadway users.”

    He has a chapter on violence against cyclists in particular, violence which is motivated by a motorist’s feeling of entitlement to the road and irritation that cyclists don’t pay a mythical ‘road tax’ amongst other imagined sins and shortcomings. [paraphrased]”

    Obviously, David Preiser (USA) is more interested in the finer points of argument than the reality experienced by cyclists on the road. I suspect that cyclists would far prefer that drivers would learn to drive legally, competently and safely.

  • bobfairlane

    Why should any car owner pay for “co2″? People breathe out Co2, and cows breathe out co2, and trees absorb co2. If the humongous wage taxes paid by UK citizens doesn’t cover the roads, some people should be hung for the spending waste!

  • David Isherwood

    The RAC states that in 2013 £5.87bn was raised from VED. In that same year the UK spent £7.51bn on the roads. If, as the miguided motorists claim, cyclists don’t contribute to the upkeep of the roads, where did the missing £1.64bn come from?? No doubt they’ll claim it comes from the other forms of tax motorists pay and thereby contradicting their own arguament straight away that the “Road Tax” pays for the roads.